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Encyclopedia of Korean Buddhism

The Ven. Hyewon and friend (and sometimes MH poster) David Mason have recently released the first-ever encyclopedia of Korean Buddhism.

David’s got a ton of info about the book and how to purchase it at his website, so please, click on over and give it a look.

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Avengers trouble

So… is this whole “Avengers” thing just a great big pain in the ass?

Maybe:

When Disney’s Marvel Studios decided to shoot part of the upcoming “Avengers” sequel in Seoul, the city government and state-run film agencies welcomed the decision with fanfare – and with rosy estimates about potential benefits from the elevation of Seoul’s image and the boost it will give to tourism.

But in the face of unprecedented traffic control on some of the city’s busiest districts for more than 10 days, some are questioning whether the government is offering too much support to the filming of “The Avengers: Age of Ultron” at the expense of citizens’ convenience.

The areas that will be blocked off will include major bridges on the Han River such as Cheongdam and Mapo bridges, and important arteries near Gangnam subway station and Digital Media City (DMC) in Sangam-dong, western Seoul, starting from March 30 through April 13.

I hope the image improvement and tourism boost is worth the hassle.

What’s more, the trouble may extend beyond traffic. According to the Korea Times, the government may have blown its entire wad of cash to support foreign film productions:

The support comes in the form of a “location incentive” offered by the government-backed Korean Film Council (KOFIC), which offers foreign productions up to a 30-percent cash rebate on money spent here.

By awarding the rebate to Avengers, KOFIC maxed out its annual 1 billion won ($930,000) budget for the program.

For a production like Avengers, USD 930,000 doesn’t sound like a whole lot of cash. Wonder if Marvel Studios will even notice it.

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Shameless, lying whores!

That, essentially, is what Japanese lawmaker Nariaki Nakayama called the Comfort Women during a recent, lecture in Hyogo, Japan.

Noting that Japanese women, too, had served as Comfort Women, he said, “But there are no Japanese women who say themselves that they were a Comfort Women. They are ashamed. Korean women aren’t this way. They only lie. One can’t help but think they are a different race.”

Continuing his anthropological analysis, he said, “Koreans are completely different from Japanese. They have no concept of shame.”

For added amusement, re-read that, this time keeping in mind that Nakayama served as Prime Minister Koizumi’s Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology.

The Japan Times called Nakayama “gaffe-prone,” which I guess is technically true, if one consider a string of racist, historically revisionist statements “gaffes.” As TK alludes to in the comments, these sorts of statements would ordinarily end a person’s political career in pretty much any other country in the developed world. Not in Japan, however, and I think a lot of the responsibility lays with Japan’s media, which refuses to call extremist speech extremist, hence giving the impression that such ideas are part of the mainstream.

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Dongdaemun Design Plaza: the Mothership Has Landed

Zaha Hadid’s $450 million Dongdaemun Design Plaza has finally opened.

And yeah, not everyone’s happy with it.

People’s Commissar for Architecture Park Won-soon—who also doubles as Seoul’s mayor—had this to say about Seoul’s newest architectural landmark:

“When you look at the building and how it stands in its surroundings, which includes several high-rise structures such as the Doota building, the word that comes to mind is ‘unbalanced.’ You look at the building from a certain angle, how the sloped roof influences the skyline, and you have to say that is an ugly sight,’’ Park said at a meeting with senior journalists at city hall on Tuesday.

“Most of the job on DDP was already done by the time I became mayor. So was Gwanghwamun Square, described by many architects as the city’s worst architectural creation, and the new city hall,’’ he added.

“I did not think that redoing them would be the right approach as that would only create new problems. My focus is to find the right content to fill these spaces, allowing them to improve the lives of people with the experiences they provide and also provide an easier place for artists to display their work.’’

To be honest, I know where the mayor is coming from on this. I could talk all day about everything Park’s predecessor Oh Se-hoon did wrong, not just with Dongdaemun but also with the Floating Islands, Gwanghwamun Square, the new Seoul City Hall, the Hangang River Opera House fiasco and a lot of lesser known urban redevelopment projects. Park loathes monumental construction and redevelopment projects, which is a good thing more times than not, and he’s a whole lot better at utilizing existing spaces.

That said, “ugly” is very much a subjective thing. I went to the Dongdaemun Design Plaza every day since its opening save yesterday, and frankly, as a work of art, it’s absolutely stunning. But hey, don’t take my word for it—read what Mihn Hyun-jun, the man who designed the beautiful Seoul branch of the National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, had to say about it:

Mihn Hyun-jun, a professor at Hongik University’s School of Architecture and the person who designed the Seoul branch of the National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, said that he believes the design plaza “is the best architecture designed by Hadid.”

“There are criticisms about the high cost,” said Mihn. “However, the outcome has perfect completeness, artistically speaking. It did cost a lot, but that’s the price we had to pay for Hadid’s design.

“It’s time for this country to have something new and fresh.”

Church!

And with all due respect to Mayor Park, and paraphrasing a commenter on my Facebook page, the only way you’d be able to get an architectural project to harmonize with its surroundings in Dongdaemun is by telling the architect to build it as ugly as possible.

Mihn also noted that in the case of Dongdaemun, “the form came first, then came the purpose.” Which can end in disaster—see the Floating Islands. Thankfully, Dongdaemun Design Plaza has opened with Seoul Fashion Week, an exhibit of national treasures from the Kansong Museum of Art and some other cool exhibitions; accordingly, it’s drawing in a ton of visitors, most of whom, from what I could tell, seemed sincerely impressed with what they were seeing… and there’s a lot to see.

Yours Truly has posted a ton of photos taken during the first few days of the Dongdaemun Design Plaza here.

Marmot’s Note: Sorry for my own personal lack of posting—been terribly busy and, frankly, a bit burned out. And thanks to all my cobloggers for posting some good stuff in the meantime.

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In a drawn out courtship affair with more twists and turns than Luke and Laura, Ross and Rachel, or even 길라임 and 김주원, it looks like Korea has finally pulled the trigger on officially picking a winner for their F-X (phase 3) bid.  The results were a bit of a forgone conclusion after the F-15SE was rejected last year, but (drum roll, please) the ROK has selected Lockheed Martin’s F-35 Lightening II.

According to a Lockheed’s press release:

 The Republic of Korea has formally announced its decision to procure the Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II aircraft for its F-X fighter acquisition program.

[...]

Following a comprehensive evaluation process for their F-X program, the Republic of Korea becomes the third Foreign Military Sales country to procure the F-35, joining Israel and Japan who selected the F-35A in 2010 and 2011, respectively.

My thoughts?  Personally, I am not too enthusiastic regarding the F-35.  Much of the independent press has been bad.  The Aussies don’t think it’s all that stealthy.  The think tank Rand Corporation doesn’t think it’s all that maneuverable and is underpowered to boot.  The Australians needed a lot of convincing and are still not completely on board yet.  The Canadians are wavering.  Even an American general made the amazing admission that the F-35 might not be all that useful without an F-22 riding shotgun (i.e. watching its “6″) for it.

Well, the Korean government originally wanted the F-15SE.  It was the Korean air force that insisted on the F-35 (particularly a few dodgy ex-generals).

The good news is that the ROK’s purchase should make unit costs lower (via “economies of scale”) for the U.S. and her participating allies.  Lockheed will apparently provide some (potentially restricted?) unspecified technical help for the development of the KF-X.  I’m sure there are plenty of people in Ft. Worth, Texas happy with the order, not to mention Lockheed shareholders.

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Open Thread: Mar 23, 2014

Have a good Sunday, people.

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to quote from a comment by the commenter Wedge , Obama has persuaded president Park to hold a three way summit during the tea breaks of the Nuclear Security Summit in the city of the Hague next week.

Here is the BBC article in English and here is the link to a Segye Ilbo news article (in Korean) after the announcement was made. Interestingly, the Segye Ilbo’s take on the fact that the official announcement came from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and not directly from the Blue House, could be due to Park trying to “downplay” the event. It’s understandable, if I had been on the world news media saying “I won’t I won’t I won’t (meet him) ” I would feel a little peevish at saying “aw alright then I will.”

Park’s meant to have softened up a bit within the last few days since Abe’s announced not to revise the Kono statement. He’s a funny one as well – “I might I might I might (revise it)”- “oh alright then I won’t.”

That’s why we still need Uncle Sugar.

Interestingly, when I did a quick news search in English at the start of writing this post, the top news link hits were the Chinese sources. They are obviously very interested to snoop at what’s being said at this water cooler gathering behind their backs.
North Korea, *should be* too as it probably concerns them as well, but the way they fit in the picture in my head is still the big fat slow-witted kid playing by himself in the corner, killing ants with a stick.. oblivious to all of this..

Lately, Japan has been seen talking to this fat slow kid more so than usual. The primary topic they want to bring up is the Japanese abductees as usual, but I think it might just be because they were getting the silent treatment from the fat kid’s sister, that they “might as well talk with the dim brother, see if they get anywhere”.
The very strange relationship between Japan and North Korea, [click to continue…]

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oopsViktor Ahn‘s father has stated that if there is not a serious reform of the Korean Skating Union, more Korean skaters will leave their passports behind and take up competition through other countries. (cite)

Can this really be surprising considering the jealousy, backbiting and bully-tactics reportedly employed by the skating union?

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Koreans have protested the American FTA as being a means by which American law could be used to subvert Korean interests. Likewise, America has managed to insert themselves into other countries practices through treaty. One current bit of American legislation that has finally come about is the 2010 Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA), which affects all Americans living overseas that keep a bank account in a foreign country.

South Korea has finally negotiated an reciprocal FATCA agreement with the US (that goes into effect this September) so that Korea can snoop on the Koreans that may have evaded paying Korean taxes by keeping their money in America. Likewise, the National Tax Services (NTS) will provide information about Americans, in Korea, with account balances of $10,000 or more to the U.S. Internal Revenue Service, beginning in September. This has happened because, the American Government thinks that there are so many Americans evading taxes overseas, thus robbing the country of money (they so desperately need to waste). The result is FATCA. The real fact is this treaty will not stop tax evasion and will likely cost the government more to implement it than is taken in by it:

. . . In the past, the OECD has used pressure and coercion to compel low-tax jurisdictions to agree to rules against their own economic interests. It is unclear how well such tactics will work in this instance, however, as the new rules impose a much more significant cost by signifying an end to the idea that nations can attract investment by offering more competitive tax systems than those of the high-tax welfare states. (cite).

So not only does America waste my tax money but South Korea will put the extra cost of reporting expatriates, through NTS, upon the already burdened banks (additional cite) or will they waste the tax I pay them here just to make American’s lives more complicated!?

Living overseas is already a burden for the American expatriate:

. . . No group is more severely impacted than U.S. persons living abroad. For those living and working in foreign countries, it is almost a given that they must report and pay tax where they live. But they must also continue to file taxes in the U.S. What’s more, U.S. reporting is based on their worldwide income, even though they are paying taxes in the country where they live. (cite)

Reading through the wiki article for FATCA lists the deficits of this treaty as:

  • Cost. Although numbers are still somewhat speculative, estimates of the additional revenue raised seem to be heavily outweighed by the cost of implementing the legislation. The Association of Certified Financial Crime Specialists (ACFCS) claims FATCA is expected to raise revenues of approximately US$800 million per year for the US Treasury; however, the costs of implementation are more difficult to estimate, and estimates between hundreds of millions and over US$10 billion have been published. ACFCS also claims it is extremely likely that the cost of implementing FATCA (which will be borne by the foreign financial institutions) will far outweigh the revenues raised by the US Treasury, even excluding the additional costs to the US Internal Revenue Service for the staffing and resources needed to process the data produced. Unusually, FATCA was not subject to a cost/benefit analysis by the United States House Committee on Ways and Means.
  • Capital flight. The primary mechanism for enforcing the compliance of foreign financial institutions is a punitive withholding levy on US assets. This may create a strong incentive for foreign financial institutions to divest (or not invest) in US assets, resulting in capital flight.
  • Foreign relations. Forcing foreign financial institutions and foreign governments to collect data on U.S. citizens at their own expense and transmit it to the IRS has been called divisive. Canada’s Finance Minister Jim Flaherty has raised an issue with this “far reaching and extraterritorial implications” which would require Canadian banks to become extensions of the IRS and would jeopardize Canadians’ privacy rights. (also this article from Canada) There are also reports of many foreign banks refusing to open accounts for Americans, making it harder for Americans to live and work abroad.
  • Extraterritoriality. The legislation enables U.S. authorities to impose regulatory costs, and potentially penalties, on foreign financial institutions who otherwise have few if any dealings with the United States. The U.S. has sought to ameliorate that criticism by offering reciprocity to potential countries who sign Intergovernmental Agreements, but the idea of the US Government providing information on its citizens to foreign governments has also proved controversial. The law’s interference in the relationship between individual Americans or dual nationals and non-American banks led Georges Ugeux to term it “bullying and selfish.”
  • Citizenship renunciations. Time magazine has reported a sevenfold increase in Americans renouncing U.S. citizenship between 2008 and 2011, and has attributed this at least in part to FATCA. According to the The New American a record number of Americans have given up U.S. citizenship in 2012 “amid IRS Abuse” and “facing an increasingly out-of-control federal government in Washington, D.C” . According to the BBC, the act is one of the reasons for a surge of Americans renouncing their citizenship – a rise from 189 people in the second quarter of 2012 to 1,131 people in Q2/2013. Another surge in renunciations in 2013 to record levels has been reported in the news media, with FATCA cited as a factor in the decision of many of the renunciants.  Forbes Magazine writes that the renunciation of citizenship by Americans is up by 221%, as of this time (cite).
  • American citizens living abroad. According to the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation many Americans living abroad may face large fines as a result of this legislation. According to the story a forty-years old developmentally disabled man, and a Canadian man married to an American will become some of the victims of this law. According to Time (magazine) American citizens living abroad are unable to open foreign bank accounts.
  • IRS not ready. According to the NYTimes it is unclear whether the IRS is ready to handle millions of new complicated filings per year.  According to one former IRS Deputy Commissioner, this summer is going to be one large FATCA “train-wreck” (cite).
  • Effect on “accidental Americans”. The reporting requirements, including penalties, apply to all U.S. citizens, including those who are unaware that they have U.S. citizenship. Since the U.S. considers “all persons born in the U.S., and most foreign-born persons with American parents, to be citizens, FATCA affects a large number of foreign residents who are unaware that the U.S. considers them citizens.
  • Complexity. Doubts have been expressed as to workability of FATCA due to its complexity, and the legislative timetable for implementation has already been pushed back twice.

So, is FATCA good, bad or not a factor for Americans living in South Korea?

Bad – If you are living here and earning income, you will spend more time and money complying with this extra tax hassle just to prove you don’t owe anything to the government or have complied with current tax law. For foreign non-Americans, in America, this is possibly also bad news since under U.S. diplomatic agreements to enact FATCA, U.S. financial firms must share information on foreign-born U.S. residents with foreign governments (cite).
IMHO, this is bad legislation that is directly from the nightmares of so many Americans that fear ever increasing government encroachment into their private affairs if not pocketbooks. I place this sort of government handiwork into the same category as the Department of Justice arranging to arrest foreigners on a layover through the US because they run a foreign online casino that Americans might spend money on – forget the law or the rights of individual, this is all about a bungled, misinformed, congressionally-lead, grabbing of money and not about fighting tax evasion.

More useful links for Americans on FATCA and for information to fight this legislation:

http://americansabroad.org/issues/fatca/

pursuance-of-money
photo credit: Celestine Chua via photopin cc
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As you all know every healthy Korean male is suppose to serve a two year stint in the armed forces.  It ain’t easy and it ain’t relished by most Korean men.  However, some time after their service, many Korean men develop strangely nostalgic memories of their service.  The Korean has a good series on this here and here.

Capitalizing on this phenomenon is MBC’s reality show “Real Men” where older Korean actors relive their days in the military for the benefit of their television audiences.  Surprisingly, the show has become popular with women who want to know a little bit of what their men had gone through.

Any ways, now “Real Men” has started to have troops from the U.S. 2nd Infantry Division interact with the Korean stars.  The American troopers, for example, don’t seem to mind eating Korean food.  What’s the first thought that runs across the Koreans’ minds when they see the non-Korean faces?  “Gosh, my English sucks.”  A surprising number of the American troops knew some Korean.  The cross cultural exchange is “interesting,” to say the least.

‘진짜 사나이’ 샘 해밍턴 “250원 바나나라떼 정말 맛있어” 극찬

(Photo credit edaily)

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The battle for Japan’s soul

It get’s rather tempting sometimes in blogs like this to discuss the Japanese as a monolith and generalize.  That they collectively think or feel a certain way.  That they, as a group, do not think or care about what they did during World War II or the decades before.  Additionally, it would be tempting to say that they, as a group, are leaning towards historical amnesia to all the bad things they did for much of the first half of the 20th century.

As evidence you have the increasing right tilt of their current majority government- the LDP, anti-Korean protests in Tokyo’s Koreatown, Neo-Nazism, sanitation of their history text books, etc.  There is even the apparent white washing of their Imperial war past by renowned animator and film maker Hayao Miyazaki.

Could it mean there is a tilt in Japanese politics and society to forget the unsavory things they did during the Showa Era?  Worse still, could it mean that Japan is reversing itself to adopt a greater military stance against its neighbors?

Perhaps, but this isn’t the whole story.  Anti-Korean protests are met by large (sometimes largeranti-racism or pro-Korean protests and groups of Koreans and Japanese band together to clean up anti-Korean graffiti.

Then there is this:

(Photo credit: War is Boring, via Drawn and Quarterly)

Above is a sample from Shigeru Mizuki‘s recent manga, “Showa 1926-1939: A History of Japan.”  For those of you who don’t know, Mizuki, age 92, is one of Japan’s premiere manga cartoonists, particularly horror genres,  and a veteran of World War II.  His recent manga on the Showa Era shows remarkable honesty to the brutality of Japan’s Imperialistic policies, particularly against the Chinese and Koreans.  Excellent post over at War is Boring offers a good summary.

Could there be a conflict brewing in Japanese society?  One that is battling for Japan’s soul?

Norihiro Kato, professor of modern Japanese literature at Wasada University, has an excellent op-ed in the New York Times on the subject, where he argues that Hello Kitty is a symbol of Japanese denial of their war time atrocities, Godzilla is a symbol of Japan’s sense of victimhood and unresolved pain of losing World War II.  The over “cutification” of their popular culture a result of Japan’s inability to properly face-up and resolve their history.

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A Russian scam Yuna site?

A Russian scam Yuna site?

If I may mimic Robert’s way of summarizing a collection of links, there is enough flavour this month for a buffet.

First, Aidan Foster-Carter has summarized the NIS Saga in three parts – not as nice and interesting as the Lord of the Rings, but there are plenty bad guys and they actually get off on the grounds of there being a “lack of evidence” .  There seems to be no lack of willingness to cheat the system of justice.

Then, there is the Great Jinju Space Rock hunt that has the locals agitated because pesky foreign rock hounds are handing out business cards and snooping around fields for bits of meteorites (Chondrites).  Of course, an official of the Cultural Heritage Administration feels compelled to protect Korea’s space rocks from some mysterious foreigner named “Robert“:

. . . We are considering measures to prevent such leaks (loss of space rocks to foreigners) by designating them as ‘monuments,’ a kind of cultural asset recognized by relevant law.

Damned aliens . . .

Lastly, many feel that Kim Yuna was robbed of a gold medal by Russian judging but there are other Yuna scam problems out there such as “yuna-kim.com” a site hosted in the USA by evil Godaddy, owned by a Russian fellow with an address in Israel.  This site is listed as a scam site as well by Russian authorities.  To be fair, the site is in Russian but appears to be a straight-up fan site for Yuna.  Nowadays, considering the large number of illegal Russian pill sites and what passes for politics in the Russian Federation, I’m not sure there is an official Russian anything that would know a scam from the real thing.

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A recent survey of 1,049 Koreans aged 19-69 had these findings:

Apparently, 32.4 percent of participants agreed that tall people (186.7 centimeters or taller) really are “bags of nothing.”

About 24 percent agreed people whose last name goes by Choi are the most stubborn kinds among Koreans.

Another 17.6 percent agreed those with long fingers are lazy.

And 16.4 percent agreed men consider the youngest daughter in any family so invaluable they don’t even care if she is ugly.

And finally, 9.6 percent agreed men with long eyelash (1.5 centimeters or longer) cannot settle with one woman.

I post this with the recognition that more Americans can identify the Three Stooges than the three branches of government.

And, I will get around to measuring my eyelashes post haste –not that I need justify my present course diversions. One can’t do enough in their efforts to build the confidence of ‘invaluable’ daughters.

Carry on.

 

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Well, this certainly can’t be good for the cause or the causes.

This from Monday’s Korea Times:

It turns out that high-profile Dokdo and comfort women ads to be paid for by singer Kim Jang-hoon and a bibimbap ad, to be sponsored by MBC’s Infinite Challenge, are currently overdue.

All of them — coordinated by “Korea publicist” Seo Kyoung-duk — were put up on Times Square billboards operated by City Outdoor USA, a New York-based company that filed a lawsuit for the missing payments.

According to the complaint, acquired by Korean-American journalist Ahn Chi-yong, the company is demanding approximately $70,000 (75 million won) for four billboard signs that have been overdue since 2012.

According to Seo, a Korean American ad agency is to blame.

“Kim, Infinite Challenge and I have done nothing wrong whatsoever,” Seo told The Korea Times. “All of the money has been passed on to a Korean-American ad agency, which was responsible for making the payment to City Outdoor USA. But obviously, that never happened.”

And, while on the subject of promotional ads gone wrong, the now infamous NY Times Bulgogi ad, which Sports Illustrated called “bizarre”, got a pretty prime ripping by NPR.

Read it all here, but one of the best lines –for those of us up on their Internet history:

In pursuit of greater understanding, I visited the website listed at the bottom of the print ad: That just led to greater confusion.

First off, it looks like something that belongs on a cached GeoCities page.

Ouch.

I’d like to say that these promotions would be best taken out of the current hands and left to a coordinated agency, but that hasn’t worked out too well either.

Oh well. Onward and upward.


 

Dokdo times square ad

 

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I have been refraining from writing about the big news that’s been hitting the Korean headlines for more than a month because readers here probably know by now that I have strong feelings when it comes to animal welfare in general, and might suffer some sort of fatigue if this piece of news were to come from me. On top of which, nothing depresses me more and makes me regard Korea with complete loss of hope in humanity as the way it treats animals.

A few days ago, South Korean press reported that they found the first bird-mammal cross infection case of Avian Influenza in which a dog was found to possess the antibody of AI (type H5N8). The dog is meant to have got it through eating an infected bird.
This has been building up for the last 2 months..

Following a case of migratory birds death in Kochang in the Jolla province in January which was found to be from AI(H518), South Korea has culled more than 10 million poultry birds (mainly chickens, and some ducks) for the last 2 months.

There has been much discussion on TV as to whether the intense battery farming method has not contributed to the exacerbation of the problem , if not, provided the very reason for it, which the government has tried to attribute solely to migratory birds (가창오리, in this case) and here(at 9:30 mark) it is even suggested that it might have originated from Korean 감금류 caged poultry to the migratory birds.
Much more plausible reason could be the backward way in which poultry birds are farmed in Korea.
From the article above:

세계 각국을 들여다봐도 대한민국은 유일하게 조류인플루엔자 발생 빈도가 높다. 이 중 도농복합도시인 충남은 이 중에서도 ‘위험 지역’으로 분류된다. 세계동물보건기구(OIE)가 집계한 자료에 따르면 2003~2013년 우리나라에서 모두 112개 농가에서 조류인플루엔자(AI)가 발생했다. 이는 세계 11위에 랭크된 수치다.

문제는 AI 발생 상위권이 모두 베트남, 태국, 인도네시아, 미얀마 등 후진국이나 개발도상국이라는 점이다. 선진국에서의 AI는 ‘딴 세상 이야기’다. 당장 주변국인 중국과 일본을 비교하더라도 우리나라는 4~80건가량 더 발생하고 있다.

왜 우리나라가 선진국보다 AI·구제역에 취약한 것일까? 전문가들은 철새의 원인도 전혀 부정할 수 없지만, 공장식 찍어 누르는 사육 시스템을 지적하고 있다.
A4 용지만 한 철창에서 먹이만 먹는 사육장 환경이 첫 번째 원인이라는 얘기다.
날개 한번 제대로 펴지 못하는 닭·오리는 당연히 질병에 취약할 수밖에 없다는 게 전문가들의 분석이다.
실제 공주시 인성실업 농장에서의 AI는 남의 일이다. 2012년 동물복지 축산농장으로 지정된 이후 단 한 차례도 이렇다 할 전염병에 걸린 기억이 없다.
농장 한 관계자는 “친환경적으로 닭을 사육하면 면역력이 강해질뿐더러 가금류의 육질도 좋아진다”며 “우리나라 동물복지에 대한 인식은 매우 낮은 수준”이라고 말했다.

South Korea comes in at the top 11th position in the frequency of recorded AI cases in the world. They are the only “developed” nation to come in at such high position, AI is very rare in developed nations, even comparing to China or Japan, Korea is recording 4~80 more cases.
The horrendous environment in which Korean farmers can raise their battery poultry is to blame, as these birds stuck in a cage, with a space of less than A4 paper per bird their whole lives) have detrimental effect on their immune system and health.
It goes on to present a case, in one farm in Kongju city, that after becoming certified as a animal welfare farm, they have not had a single case of infectious diseases.

Here is another good summary of the case in Korean.

The next “thing” is just around the corner. With all their crazy fads and catchphrases of “well-beings” and “organic” and “natural” this and that, it *should be* only a matter of time before the mothers with their princess daughters and money start spending it on ethical food, but this seems to take more time. Maybe because the term “mothers of princess daughters” itself implies teacup-pooch-in-a-handbag, brain-dead fur-wearing fad-without-substance thinkers themselves.

I am also aware that the evil practice from factory farming is rampant elsewhere, including the US too. However, I am worried that the traditionally (plant)agricultural society like Korea (less animal farming and less hunting, plant-based diet than dairy,meat-dominant diet of the West) without a natural evolution of an animal farming practice will cotton on and be stuck in the worst time-limbo by adapting the worst kind of modernization possible (like the 60′s 70′s apartment block based architecture that predominates the modern Korean architecture)

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